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Parts of Speech
Every word belongs to one category. These categories are called parts of speech.
If a Dutch word is a noun, the literal English translation is
more than likely a noun too. This also true for other parts of speech, like verbs
|Nouns are names of things, persons, and abstract concepts.
|An article precedes
the noun in a sentence, and belongs to it. The Dutch language has three articles.
|A verb often describes an action of someone. A verb can also describe a situation.
|This chapter is about the spelling of Dutch verbs. It is the sequel to Verb Tenses.
Learn about vowel changes, strong verbs, weak verbs, and the past participle.
|Adjectives are words preceding a noun, giving more information about
a thing or person that is mentioned in the sentence.
|If you want to talk about persons or things without mentioning them,
you can use pronouns.
|Adverbs provide additional
information about a noun or, more often, about a verb (an action or a situation).
|Prepositions can tell you something about
the location of a person or thing. A preposition can also have an abstract meaning.
|Conjunctions join two sentences together.
|Numbers are used to count. Ordinal numbers show rank or position. Calculations, addresses, dates and time are also part
of this chapter.
|Some words are not part of any
of the previous categories. Most of them are interjections, that
do not contribute to the structure of a sentence. All other parts of speech do.
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