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Parts of Speech

Every word belongs to one category. These categories are called parts of speech. If a Dutch word is a noun, the literal English translation is more than likely a noun too. This also true for other parts of speech, like verbs and numbers.

Nouns are names of things, persons, and abstract concepts.

An article precedes the noun in a sentence, and belongs to it. The Dutch language has three articles.

A verb often describes an action of someone. A verb can also describe a situation.

This chapter is about the spelling of Dutch verbs. It is the sequel to Verb Tenses. Learn about vowel changes, strong verbs, weak verbs, and the past participle.

Adjectives are words preceding a noun, giving more information about a thing or person that is mentioned in the sentence.

If you want to talk about persons or things without mentioning them, you can use pronouns.

Adverbs provide additional information about a noun or, more often, about a verb (an action or a situation).

Prepositions can tell you something about the location of a person or thing. A preposition can also have an abstract meaning.

Conjunctions join two sentences together.

Numbers are used to count. Ordinal numbers show rank or position. Calculations, addresses, dates and time are also part of this chapter.

Some words are not part of any of the previous categories. Most of them are interjections, that do not contribute to the structure of a sentence. All other parts of speech do.

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